FSAdvent time is back this year! I'm going to use this post to start a new work in progress series on using F# for Dara science. This series will mainly consist of using FsLab to manipulate and visualize data.
Setting Up Your Environment
The easiest way to get setup in the IDE of you choosing is to just download the basic template of FsLab. This just references FsLab with Paket and gives a small script example. That's perfect for all that we need to do.
We're going to go through the script that it provides (with a bit of changes) in this post. Don't worry though, we'll go through a good bit of different aspects of the script in future posts. We're just getting up and running here as sometimes that can be the biggest hurdle to get started in something new.
World Bank Type Provider
As previously mentioned, FSharp.Data comes with a few very useful type providers. One that we'll use here to help give us some real world data is the World Bank type provider. You could spend all day looking at what data it provides. For this post, though, we'll look at the US and EU percent added to their GDP from industry.
Setting Up Script
Before we can access the World Bank type provider, though, we need to set up our script to access it. If you used the basic template it will already have FsLab setup with Paket so you would just need to run
paket.exe install or build the project.
Now we can reference FsLab so first thing to do is to load the script to access everything we need from it:
Now that we have the FsLab script loaded we can access all sorts of libraries from it by using the 'open' keyword in F#.
open Deedle open FSharp.Data open XPlot.GoogleCharts open XPlot.GoogleCharts.Deedle
We have a few external libraries we're using throughout our script:
- Using Deedle to explore our data.
FSharp.Datalibrary for our World Bank type provider.
- GoogleCharts and GoogleCharts.Deedle to visualize our data.
Getting Our Data
Next we instantiate the World Bank type provider and from there we get a reference to the
Indicators object for the US and for the EU.
let wb = WorldBankData.GetDataContext() let us = wb.Countries.``United States``.Indicators let eu = wb.Countries.``European Union``.Indicators
From there we get the industry percent value added to the country's GDP and create a data series.
let usSeries = series us.``Industry, value added (% of GDP)`` let euSeries = series eu.``Industry, value added (% of GDP)``
Now here is where some work on the data happens.
abs (usSeries - euSeries) |> Series.sort |> Series.rev |> Series.take 5
From here we get the absolute value of the difference of the two series, sort it, get the reverse of it, then take only the first five items. Looks like a bit, but we'll go into details of certain statistics for data science in future posts.
Charting Our Data
Now that we have the data we want, let's chart it. The charting library in FsLabs will allow us to customize the chart as we see fit for visualizing. For this there is an Options type that we can create. We'll just give a title and tell the legend to appear at the bottom.
let options = Options ( title = "% of GDP value added", legend = Legend(position="bottom") )
Now we just need to tell the charting library to chart our data.
[ usSeries.[2000 .. 2010]; euSeries.[2000 .. 2010] ] |> Chart.Line |> Chart.WithOptions options |> Chart.WithLabels ["US"; "EU"]
We give it our data as an F# list, tell it to create a line chart, give it our options, and then tell what our labels are for our legend.
Just run it all in F# Interactive. :)